The Victorians Pre 1914

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    04-Dec-2014

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  • 1. The Victorians 1837-1901
  • 2. Victorian England
    • The Victorian era was and age when English society was deeply religious, and superstitious.
    • A great number of people were habitual church-goers, at least once a week and probably twice, every Sunday.
    • The Bible was frequently and widely read by people of every class; so too were religious stories and allegories.
    • Yet towards the end of Queen Victoria's sixty three year reign, 1837-1901 the hold of organized religion upon the English people began to ease.
  • 3. Social Class
    • Working class - men and women who performed physical labour, paid daily or weekly wages
    • Middle class - men performed mental or "clean" work, paid monthly or annually
    • Upper class - did not work, income came from inherited land and investments
  • 4. The Industrial Revolution
    • Britain became the most powerful and richest country in the world, with the largest empire that had ever existed, ruling a quarter of the world's population.
    • The number of people living in Britain more than doubled from 16 million to 37 million, causing a huge demand for food, clothes and housing.
    • Factories and machines were built to meet this demand as new towns grew up, changing the landscape and the ways people lived and worked.
    • Railways , originally built to transport goods, meant people could travel easily around the country for the first time.
    • Soldiers were at war all over the world especially in 1850 - 1880.
    • Seaside holidays were 'invented' (became popular).
    • Police Force 'invented'.
    • At the beginning of the Victorian period crossing the Atlantic took up to eight weeks. By 1901 it took about a week.
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  • 5. Why are the Victorians so famous?
    • Britain managed to build a huge empire during the Victorian period. It was also a time of tremendous change in the lives of British people. In 1837 most people lived in villages and worked on the land; by 1901, most lived in towns and worked in offices, shops and factories .
  • 6. Family Unity Social Rank & Class Structure Marriage was sacred Strong sense Of Religion and the church Codes of respectability Self discipline/ standards of public behaviour Cleanliness was next to Godliness Clear gender expectation Victorian Britain 1837-1901
  • 7. Gender Roles/ Middle class ideals
    • Female
    • The woman’s natural place was believed to be in the home carrying out domestic duties.
    • She was expected to display deep devotions to God and these values were to be installed into her children.
    • Respect and obey her husband.
    • Male
    • Up hold family name/ and reputation
    • Code of respectability
    • Social rank/wealth
    • Political awareness
    • Protect and financially support his wife and family.
  • 8. www.wikipedi.org The young Queen