The Victorian era was and age when English society was deeply religious, and superstitious.
A great number of people were habitual church-goers, at least once a week and probably twice, every Sunday.
The Bible was frequently and widely read by people of every class; so too were religious stories and allegories.
Yet towards the end of Queen Victoria's sixty three year reign, 1837-1901 the hold of organized religion upon the English people began to ease.
3. Social Class
Working class - men and women who performed physical labour, paid daily or weekly wages
Middle class - men performed mental or "clean" work, paid monthly or annually
Upper class - did not work, income came from inherited land and investments
4. The Industrial Revolution
Britain became the most powerful and richest country in the world, with the largest empire that had ever existed, ruling a quarter of the world's population.
The number of people living in Britain more than doubled from 16 million to 37 million, causing a huge demand for food, clothes and housing.
Factories and machines were built to meet this demand as new towns grew up, changing the landscape and the ways people lived and worked.
Railways , originally built to transport goods, meant people could travel easily around the country for the first time.
Soldiers were at war all over the world especially in 1850 - 1880.
Seaside holidays were 'invented' (became popular).
Police Force 'invented'.
At the beginning of the Victorian period crossing the Atlantic took up to eight weeks. By 1901 it took about a week.
5. Why are the Victorians so famous?
Britain managed to build a huge empire during the Victorian period. It was also a time of tremendous change in the lives of British people. In 1837 most people lived in villages and worked on the land; by 1901, most lived in towns and worked in offices, shops and factories .
6. Family Unity Social Rank & Class Structure Marriage was sacred Strong sense Of Religion and the church Codes of respectability Self discipline/ standards of public behaviour Cleanliness was next to Godliness Clear gender expectation Victorian Britain 1837-1901
7. Gender Roles/ Middle class ideals
The woman’s natural place was believed to be in the home carrying out domestic duties.
She was expected to display deep devotions to God and these values were to be installed into her children.
Respect and obey her husband.
Up hold family name/ and reputation
Code of respectability
Protect and financially support his wife and family.