TLC2016 - Using badges to motivate and engage students

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Using badges to motivate and engage students

Pernille Stenkil Hansen and Inger-Marie F. Christensen, University of Southern Denmark

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WelcomeLets get to know each otherKick-off poll 2

Image from colourbox.com

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Agenda09.30Welcome09.45What are badges and why use them in HE?10.00Ways of integrating badges into courses and study programmes10.25 Showcase and discuss best practice10.45Break11.00 Designing and issuing badges in Bb Learn11.30 Design exercise: design your own badge and badge activity11.50 Implementing badges: What potentials and challenges do you see?

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What are badges?4

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Open-Micro-Credentials by Prof. Dr. Ilona Buchem

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CredentialingAnother interesting aspect of badges is the potential to signal finer-grained skills, knowledge or dispositions.Rather than guessing a persons skills from a single credential, stakeholders can gather a nuanced picture of a persons skills through a collection of smaller credentials.(Ahn et al. 2014)6

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Open badges areFree and openTransferableStackable Evidence-based

Open badges make it easy to:Get/give recognition for the things you learn/teachVerify skills and display your verified badges across the web(https://wiki.mozilla.org/Badges)

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Digital badges in HE 3 perspectives8Badges as credentialBadges as motivatorBadges as a pedagogical tool

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Why use badges in HE?An inherent assumption from the gamification perspective is that an external indicator, such as a badge, can act as a motivator to encourage individuals to participate, act or pursue tasksIn systems where badges are visible to the learner they can serve as a way to visualize the learning path of content and activities. (Ahn et al. 2014)

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Ways of integrating badges into courses and study programmes10Main purpose: motivation and engagementAwarding badgesas a pass signposting main learning pathfor the acquisition of study skills and academic skillssignposting important general skillsthat acknowledge level of performancebronze, silver, goldfor extra credit:platinum badge for submitting all assignments and/or doing extra workfor extracurricular work acknowledging informal learningNOTE: avoid side-tracking students from main learning goals by offering badges for efforts that lead in another/irrelevant direction

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Teaching for Tomorrow: Module badges

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Exit survey on the Teaching for Tomorrow course12Link to electronic questionnaire sent via e-mailExit survey sent to 54 participants (initially enrolled)50 % completed the survey fully = 27 participants11 % gave some answers = 6 participants

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Badges awardedModule 1: 44Module 2: 36Module 3: 30Module 4: 28Module 5: 24Module 6: 23

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To what degree did you experience the badge assignments as a suitable way of assessing your learning?14All (27 informants)

Completed (14)

Intend to complete (10)

Low/somewhat low degree = 11 %High or some degree = 63 %

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To what degree did the badge assignments help you reflect on your learning?15

All (27 informants)

Completed (14)

Intend to complete (10)Low/somewhat low degree = 22 %

High or some degree = 63 %

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To what degree did receiving a badge motivate you to complete the modules of the course?16All (27 informants)

Completed (14)

Intend to complete (10)

Low/somewhat low degree = 30 %High or some degree = 59 %

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Accreditation of informal learningBadges received on the MOOC Open education offered by Open University, UKSignposting most significant activitieshttps://wiki.mozilla.org/Badges 17

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Carpe Diem MOOC Offered by Gilly Salmon, Swinbourne University of TechnologyCourseSites badges18

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Lets talk about badges in HEEnroll in CourseSites courseGo to CourseSites: http://bit.ly/badgesBBTLC2016Password: badge2016

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Showcase and discuss best practice 20

Turn to your neighbour(s): Share and discuss best practice of using badges to motivate and engage students (10 minutes)Go to CourseSites>Badge Assignment>Badge 1: Showcase and discuss best practice Individual work: Upload a short description of your examples in the blog(10 minutes)

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Time for a break

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Designing and issuing badgesDesigning badges The Badge ecosystem Open badge anatomy

Setting up badges in Bb Learn22

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Badge ecosystem- Badges are part of an ecosystem

Badge Issuer: Any individual or institution with a desire to award a badge. The issuer is responsible for defining badges, making them available to earners and handling applications for them.Badge Earner or Learner: Someone who earns badges through the completion of required activities.Badge Consumer: Organisations or institutions that may view the badge and use the badge a way to gauge skill levels or learning outcomes.

Today there are several online options to help users with less programing expertise create both visually appealing badges and provide ways tointegrate these digital badges into online platforms.

The design process: Devloping af concept: open badge anatomy (Pernille laver her en analyse af vores T4T badge), Create strong visual identity, clearly state for which achievement that badge has been issued.

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A badge is more than a picture..24

Open Badges Anatomy (Undated) by Kyle BrownCC-BY-SA

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An example of a design25

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Where to start? Develop a concept26

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Setting up badges in Bb LearnSet up the badge activityassignment, quiz, blog, column in Grade Center, text/video for reviewCreate folder for certificate(s)Go to Course Tools / Achievements to create badge and trigger(s)Provide students with clear instructionsStudents engage with the activityThe badge is released automatically or after teacher has graded/given feedbackBadges can be published to Mozilla Open Backpack27

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1. Set up the badge activity

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2. Set up certificate folder29

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Certificates

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3. Create badge and trigger(s)

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Select achievement type32

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Name the achievement

33Choose folder for certificateDecide: visible to students before receiving?Type in description: Badge awarded for / learning goals achieved!

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Define triggers set up one or more rules/criteria

34Attempt activity = badge releasedBadge released according to score achieved

Badge released when student has reviewed item

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Select reward create badgeType in issuerSet expiration date if requiredChoose image from catalogue orBrowse to upload own imageDecide: Publish to Mozilla?Save and exitYou have created your first badge35

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Design exercise: Design your own badge and badge activity36

Individual work: design your own badge and badge activity (10 minutes) use the template provided.In what context would you use badges?What do students need to do to earn the badge (criteria and activity)?How can you create a relevant visual identity badge image?Go to CourseSites>Badge Assignment>Badge 2:Design your own badge and badge activity.Individual work: take a picture of yourcompleted template and upload it to the blog(5 minutes).

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Implementing badges: What potentials and challenges do you see?37

In groups, discuss the implementation of badges: What potentials and challenges do you see?(10 minutes)Go to CourseSites>Badge Assignment>Badge 3: Implementing badges discuss potentials and challenges Individual work: Upload a summaryof your discussion in the blog(5 minutes)

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Evaluation of todays workshopExit pollQuestionsThank you forparticipating38

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ReferencesAbramovich, S. (2016). Understanding digital badges in higher education through assessment. In: On the Horizon, Vol. 24 Iss 1 pp. 126 - 131Ahn, J.; Pellicone, A. and Butler, B. S. (2014). Open badges for education: what are the implications at the intersection of open systems and badging? In: Research in Learning Technology. Vol. 22.Hurst, E. J. (2015). Digital Badges: Beyond Learning Incentives. Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries, 12:3, 182-189.MacArthur Foundation (undated). Badges for lifelong learning. https://www.macfound.org/media/article_pdfs/BADGESFORLIFELONGLEARNING_INFO.PDF (accessed March 29, 2016)Grant, S. L. (2014). What Counts As Learning: Open Digital Badges for New Opportunities. Irvine, CA: Digital Media and Learning Research Hub. http://dmlhub.net/wp-content/uploads/files/WhatCountsAsLearning_Grant.pdf (accessed March 23, 2016)

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