Verbals And Intro To Participles

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  • 1. Verbals:Participles and Participial Phrases Mrs. Hamilton, Summer 2008 10 thLiterature/Composition

2. Verbals

  • Verbalsare formed from verbs.
  • They may express action.
  • They may have modifiers (adjectives and adverbs).
  • They may be followed by complements such as direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, and predicate adjectives.

3. More on Verbals

  • However, verbals ARE NOT USED AS VERBS!!!
  • They ARE used as:
  • nouns
  • adjectives
  • adverbs

4. Participles

  • Aparticipleis a verb form used as anadjective .
  • Examples:
  • The rapidlydeveloping storm kept small boats in port.
  • Thepleased student smiled at the teacher.

5. Present Participles

  • Present participles are formed by addingingto the plain form of the verb.
  • Example:Thelaughingstudent grinned like a possum.

6. Past Participles

  • Past participlesare formed by adding either ed, -d-, -t, -en, or nto the plain form of the verb.Others may be formed as irregular verbs.
  • Ellie, my dachshund, had abewildered look on her face when the water from the nozzle in her bathtub suddenly turned cold.

7. Participial Phrases

  • Aparticipial phraseconsists of a participle and any complements or modifiers it may have.The phrase may be modified by adjective phrase or by an adverb phrase.The entire participial phrase acts as an adjective.
  • Cooking with great skill and finesse ,Emeril Lagasse amazed the audience with his culinary talents and bubbly personality.
  • Explanation:Cooking with great skill and finesse describes the proper noun, Emeril Lagasse.

8. Tips and Tricks

  • Participles may be past tense verbs or present tense verbs.
  • Find the main verb of the sentence first.
  • Cross out prepositional phrases.
  • Find the subject.
  • Now look for single participles or entire participial phrases.
  • Remember:participles act asadjectives. They describe nouns or pronouns.
  • What kind? Which one? How many?Whose?

9. Practice Problems

  • The train arriving on track 10 is an hour late.
  • A first-edition book signed by the author may become valuable.
  • The girl nauseated and weakened by the virus is Stephanie.

10. Practice Problems

  • Matt, exhausted from the practice EOCT tests, collapsed as he entered Room 603 this evening.
  • Gobbling his French fries and gulping his milkshake, L.J. finished his dinner before we began taking notes tonight.
  • Smitten by the lovebug, April decided to create an original Valentines gift for her boyfriend.

11. Practice Problems

  • Barking loudly and shaking their toys, the dachshunds greeted Mrs. Hamilton when she arrived home from night school.
  • Mandy is the girl passing out the programs.
  • All the seafood cooked in that restaurant is fried.

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