Startup metrics for pirates long version463

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Startup Metrics for Pirates: AARRR!!!(Startup Metrics for Product Marketing & Product Management) Dave McClureMaster of 500 Hatsblog: http://500hats.typepad.com/website: http://www.500hats.com/slides: http://slideshare.net/dmc500hats/* reminder: National Talk Like a Pirate Day is Sept 19th!Customer Lifecycle: 5 Steps to SuccessAcquisition: users come to the site from various channelsActivation: users enjoy 1st visit: "happy" user experienceRetention: users come back, visit site multiple timesReferral: users like product enough to refer othersRevenue: users conduct some monetization behaviorCustomer Lifecycle / Conversion BehaviorWebsite.comExample Conversion Metrics(note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary) CategoryUser StatusConv %Est. ValueAcquisitionVisit Site (or landing page, or external widget)100%$.01AcquisitionDoesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks)70%$.05ActivationHappy 1st Visit(views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks)30%$.25ActivationEmail/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup(anything that could lead to repeat visit)5%$1ActivationAcct Signup(includes profile data)2%$3RetentionEmail Open / RSS view -> Clickthru3%$2RetentionRepeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days)2%$5ReferralRefer 1+ users who visit site2%$3ReferralRefer 1+ users who activate1%$10RevenueUser generates minimum revenue2%$5RevenueUser generates break-even revenue1%$25Customer Lifecycle / Conversion BehaviorWebsite.comMarketing Channels: largest-volume (#) lowest-cost ($) best-performing (%) Customer Lifecycle / Conversion BehaviorWebsite.comActivation Criteria: 10-30+ seconds 2-3+ page views 3-5+ clicks 1 key feature usageDo LOTS of landing page tests & A/B tests - just make lots of dumb guesses & iterate QUICKCustomer Lifecycle / Conversion BehaviorWebsite.comAutomated emails are simple & easy retention feature lifecycle emails @ +3, +7, +30d status emails weekly/monthly event-based emails as they occurCustomer Lifecycle / Conversion BehaviorWebsite.comOnly encourage users to refer *after* they have happy user experience; avg score >= 8 out of 10Customer Lifecycle / Conversion BehaviorWebsite.comThis is the part *you* have to figure out I dont know jack about your businessTypes of Metrics & MeasurementQualitative: Usability Testing / Session MonitoringWatch what users do, figure out problems & solutions from small # of usersQuantitative: Traffic Analysis / User EngagementReport what users do, track usage & conversion %'s for all or empirical sample # of usersComparative: A/B, Multivariate TestingCompare what users do in one scenario vs another, see which copy/graphics/UI are most effectiveCompetitive: Monitoring & Tracking CompetitorsTrack competitor activity & compare against yours; if possible compare channels, keyword traffic, demographic targeting, user satisfaction, etc.(see slide notes for links to tools & vendors)Qualitative: SurveyMonkey (surveys), CrazyEgg (heatmap), TechSmith Morae / UserVue (ux recording), RobotReplay, TapeFailure. Quantitative: Google Analytics (free), MyBlogLog, ClickTracks, Index Tools, Visual Sciences / Webside Story, Omniture, WebTrends, etc. Comparative: Google Website Optimizer, SiteSpect, Optimost, Offermatica, Vertster, Kefta. Competitive: Quantcast, Compete.com, Alexa, Hitwise, Comscore, Nielsens. see more info at: http://webanalyticsassociation.com/ (WAA) http://kaushik.net/ (Avinash Kaushik) http://grokdotcom.com/ (Eisenbergs) http://www.emetrics.org/ (Jim Sterne)Quantitative & Comparative MeasurementConversion Criteria:best-performing (%) channels / campaigns / copylargest-volume (#) channels / campaigns / copylowest-cost ($) channels / campaigns / copyQuantitative & Comparative MeasurementConversion Criteria:best-performing (%) channels / campaigns / copylargest-volume (#) channels / campaigns / copylowest-cost ($) channels / campaigns / copyMeasurement Components:Audience Segment (young women, regional metro, older singles)Channel Source (social network, SEM, organic, PR, etc)Campaign Theme / Brand Promise (find a job, learn to cook)Landing Page & CTACopy & GraphicsExample Conversion Metrics(note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary) CategoryUser StatusConv %Est. ValueAcquisitionVisit Site (or landing page, or external widget)100%$.01AcquisitionDoesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks)70%$.05ActivationHappy 1st Visit(views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks)30%$.25ActivationEmail/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup(anything that could lead to repeat visit)5%$1ActivationAcct Signup(includes profile data)2%$3RetentionEmail Open / RSS view -> Clickthru3%$2RetentionRepeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days)2%$5ReferralRefer 1+ users who visit site2%$3ReferralRefer 1+ users who activate1%$10RevenueUser generates minimum revenue2%$5RevenueUser generates break-even revenue1%$25Example Conversion Metrics(note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary) CategoryUser StatusConv %Est. ValueAcquisitionVisit Site (or landing page, or external widget)100%$.01AcquisitionDoesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks)70%$.05ActivationHappy 1st Visit(views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks)30%$.25ActivationEmail/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup(anything that could lead to repeat visit)5%$1ActivationAcct Signup(includes profile data)2%$3RetentionEmail Open / RSS view -> Clickthru3%$2RetentionRepeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days)2%$5ReferralRefer 1+ users who visit site2%$3ReferralRefer 1+ users who activate1%$10RevenueUser generates minimum revenue2%$5RevenueUser generates break-even revenue1%$25Example Conversion Metrics(note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary) CategoryUser StatusConv %Est. ValueAcquisitionVisit Site (or landing page, or external widget)100%$.01AcquisitionDoesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks)70%$.05ActivationHappy 1st Visit(views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks)30%$.25ActivationEmail/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup(anything that could lead to repeat visit)5%$1ActivationAcct Signup(includes profile data)2%$3RetentionEmail Open / RSS view -> Clickthru3%$2RetentionRepeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days)2%$5ReferralRefer 1+ users who visit site2%$3ReferralRefer 1+ users who activate1%$10RevenueUser generates minimum revenue2%$5RevenueUser generates break-even revenue1%$25Example Conversion Metrics(note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary) CategoryUser StatusConv %Est. ValueAcquisitionVisit Site (or landing page, or external widget)100%$.01AcquisitionDoesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks)70%$.05ActivationHappy 1st Visit(views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks)30%$.25ActivationEmail/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup(anything that could lead to repeat visit)5%$1ActivationAcct Signup(includes profile data)2%$3RetentionEmail Open / RSS view -> Clickthru3%$2RetentionRepeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days)2%$5ReferralRefer 1+ users who visit site2%$3ReferralRefer 1+ users who activate1%$10RevenueUser generates minimum revenue2%$5RevenueUser generates break-even revenue1%$25Example Conversion Metrics(note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary) CategoryUser StatusConv %Est. ValueAcquisitionVisit Site (or landing page, or external widget)100%$.01AcquisitionDoesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks)70%$.05ActivationHappy 1st Visit(views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks)30%$.25ActivationEmail/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup(anything that could lead to repeat visit)5%$1ActivationAcct Signup(includes profile data)2%$3RetentionEmail Open / RSS view -> Clickthru3%$2RetentionRepeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days)2%$5ReferralRefer 1+ users who visit site2%$3ReferralRefer 1+ users who activate1%$10RevenueUser generates minimum revenue2%$5RevenueUser generates break-even revenue1%$25MarketingQ: what channels / who do you market to?Design & Test Multiple Mktg ChannelsSelect & Focus on Channels with:High VolumeHigh ConversionLow CostMeasure *deeper* down the conversion funnel, not just to website / landing pageSegment & Select channels & customers by conversion @ deepest possible level (ideally $$$)ProductQ: how do you choose what to build?Choose features for conversion improvement80% on existing feature optimization20% on new feature developmentJust guess, then A/B test A LOTMeasure conversion improvementRinse & RepeatFounder/CEOQ: What metrics do you choose to watch?Hypothesize Customer Lifecycle & RefineChoose 5-10 conversion stepsLess, not More is betterBUT measure & iterateFocus on conversion improvementDelegate each Metric to someone to OWNQualitative: SurveyMonkey (surveys), CrazyEgg (heatmap), TechSmith Morae / UserVue (ux recording), RobotReplay, TapeFailure. Quantitative: Google Analytics (free), MyBlogLog, ClickTracks, Index Tools, Visual Sciences / Webside Story, Omniture, WebTrends, etc. Comparative: Google Website Optimizer, SiteSpect, Optimost, Offermatica, Vertster, Kefta. Competitive: Quantcast, Compete.com, Alexa, Hitwise, Comscore, Nielsens. see more info at: http://webanalyticsassociation.com/ (WAA) http://kaushik.net/ (Avinash Kaushik) http://grokdotcom.com/ (Eisenbergs) http://www.emetrics.org/ (Jim Sterne)