IBM Middle East Data Science Connect 2016 - Doha, Qatar

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Unless stated otherwise all images are taken from or openclipart.orghttp://wikipedia.orghttp://openclipart.orgWhy IoT (now) ? 15 Billion connected devices in 2015 40 Billion connected devices in 2020 World population 7.4 Billion in 2016Machine Learning on historic dataSource: deeplearning4j.orghttp://deeplearning4j.orgOnline LearningSource: deeplearning4j.orghttp://deeplearning4j.orgonline vs. historic Pros low storage costs real-time model update Cons algorithm support software support no algorithmic improvement compute power to be inline with data rate Pros all algorithms abundance of software model re-scoring / re-parameterisation (algorithmic improvement) batch processing Cons high storage costs batch model update DeepLearningDeepLearningApache SparkHadoop Neural NetworksNeural NetworksDeeper (more) LayersConvolutionalConvolutional+ =ConvolutionalLearning of a functionA neural network can basically learn any mathematical functionRecurrentLSTMvanishing error problem == influence of past inputs decay quickly over timeLSTM Outperformed traditional methods, such as cumulative sum (CUSUM) exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) Hidden Markov Models (HMM) Learned what Normal is Raised error if time series pattern haven't been seen beforeLearning of an algorithmA LSTM network is touring completeProblems Neural Networks are computationally very complex especially during training but also during scoringCPU (2009) GPU (2016) IBM TrueNorth (2017)IBM TrueNorth Scalable Parallel Distributed Fault Tolerant No Clock ! :) IBM Cluster 4.096 chips 4 billion neurons 1 trillion synapses Human Brain 100 billion neurons 100 trillion synapses 1.000.000 neurons 250.000.000 synapsesDeepLearningthe future in cloud based analyticsStorage Layer (OpenStack SWIFT / Hadoop HDFS / IBM GPFS)Execution Layer (Spark Executor, YARN, Platform Symphony)Hardware Layer (Bare Metal High Performance Cluster)GraphXStreaming SQL MLLib BlinkDBDeepLearning4J ND4JR MLBase H2OY O UGPUAVXIntel Xeon E7-4850 v2 48 core, 3 TB RAM, 72 GB HDD, 10Gbps, NVIDIA TESLA M60 GPU (cu)BLASjcuBLASS T R E A M Sdata